Bar Exam Coaching Program Now Seeking Applicants and Coaches for February 2021

Bar Exam Coaching assists new graduates as they prepare to sit for the bar exam and face all the stresses that come along with studying. The program addresses both test taking preparation and offers support to exam takers.

Coaches assist graduates with study schedules, stress management, and other non-substantive aspects of preparing for the exam. Graduates can also expect supplemental programming from the BBA such as essay writing and attacking the MBE. All training and materials for coaches is provided by the BBA. If you would like to sign up to receive a coach for the February 2021 exam, please complete this survey If you would like to sign up as a coach, please complete this survey. We will begin matching coaches and applicants on January 8th. Please reach out to dnewton@bostonbar.org with any questions.

Join Lawyers Concerned For Lawyers for Yoga and Connection

Making time for exercise and mindfulness can easily slip from busy winter calendars, but Lawyers Concerned for Lawyers is starting a new initiative to help. Beginning January 13, 2021, they will be hosting weekly yoga sessions every Wednesday at 2:00pm. Their 20 minute yoga practice is specifically designed for busy legal professionals and is suitable for all experience levels. Each session will be followed by a 10 minute conversation to ask questions and create a connection. If you would like to learn more about the series, please click here. To sign up, please click here.  If you have any questions please contact Ariana Gebauer at agebauer@bostonbar.org

Crafting an Online Presence

By: Christopher Strang, Founding Partner of Strang, Scott, Giroux & Young

It is becoming essential to curate your online presence for prospective employers. During the global pandemic, employers and candidates are unlikely to have an opportunity to form an in-person connection. Hiring partners, now more than ever, are leaning on what they find online about potential employees to help find the right fit for their firm.  

Many posts focus on the things not to do on social media. However, attorneys are well educated enough to not need to be reminded to remove things like frat party pictures from public view. Conversely, new lawyers should look to social media as an asset to showcase their personalities in ways that can’t be done in resumes and cover letters. Many platforms allow for joining groups or expressing interests that are opportunities to make connections with more senior attorneys.

Check the privacy settings on your personal accounts and make sure they are up to par; there are different settings for desktop and mobile versions of social media – so check both versions if this is of concern to you. It is helpful to search yourself online to see what a potential employer can see about you. Log out of your search engine of choice to make sure the results aren’t skewed. Once you are aware of what pops up during a casual search of your name, you can start to curate your online presence.

Use professional social media accounts to connect with former colleagues and bosses, fellow alumni and people you have met in the legal profession. It is key to stay active on the accounts that you choose to use professionally and to be selective about which platforms you use. Make sure to maintain your connections and share expertise and opportunities when you can.

Regularly posting and sharing content to your professional social media feeds brings you to the forefront of the attention of your network and showcases a strong and informed interest in your field of work. Post about breaking news in practice areas of interest to you: court decisions, new regulations, industry publications, etc. Follow local leaders in the profession at firms of interest to you. Engage with other professionals, congratulate lawyers who post about accomplishments, inquire about more detail on substantive legal posts. Show genuine interest in the latest news posted by places you might like to work.

Make sure to use social media platforms that you can commit to updating and that are appropriate for your profession. Have a current picture that looks professional. Build out your profile with job and educational experiences that includes things not on your resume. Join groups that attorneys you aspire to be like are in. List interests that speak to your personality. Small and mid sized firms in particular care about personality fit as much as legal acumen. Being able to show you have interests in common with members of a firm is a huge benefit when interviewing.

Use caution when posting about politics and other potentially controversial topics. You need to balance your desire to express yourself with your goal of establishing connections with people who might disagree with your point of view.

LinkedIn is perhaps the most powerful social media platform for job seekers. It is built for professional networking and has many tools to use to your advantage as a job seeker. Use keywords in your headline to increase the number of searches you appear in. Use LinkedIn’s Alumni Tool to see what graduates of your law school are doing now. Sharing an alma mater is one of the best inroads for making new connections online.

Everything you post is a writing sample to the world. Always carefully review and edit your words before posting online. Write like a lawyer, focusing on brevity and clarity. Ask friends to search your name online and provide some feedback on whether they think your online presence depicts you accurately and professionally.

Finally, remember that professional does not mean boring. All too often, job seekers reduce who they are into a list of experience and skills. What sets you apart? Why are you somebody that people would want to work with? You never know what interest or life experience will connect you with your future employer and make them realize you are the person for the job. It is OK to reveal some of your fun side.

The Legal Ramifications of COVID-19: Decarceration

When the 2019-2020 PILP class began their journey as the BBA’s most recent class of leaders, the vision for the program seemed clear and routine. Due to the challenges of this year, however, it became a class unlike any other before it–switching to a virtual format due to the declaration of a state of emergency, adjusting to working from home overnight, welcoming multiple PILP babies, and having to change their service project deep into the class. To their great credit, the class rose to the occasion. 

The BBA is proud to present the PILP 2019-2020 project: The Legal Ramifications of COVID-19, a series of reports that surveyed various legal landscapes and provides reflections on the impact of COVID-19 in each space. Each report will be published through Beyond the Billable–beginning with today’s first article: Decarceration. 

This piece was written by Committee for Public Counsel Services Staff Attorney David Rangaviz. In addition to working as an appellate attorney for CPCS, David is also a member of the BBA’s Criminal Law Section and co-chair of the amicus committee of the Massachusetts Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. David’s piece takes a compelling look at decarceration efforts from the onset of the pandemic, of which he has firsthand knowledge as a result of having helped in the litigation efforts, as well as through the multiple interviews he conducted for this report. 

To view David’s article please click here

The Leadership Development Fund of the Boston Bar Foundation provides critical support for the Public Interest Leadership Program. For more information on the BBF or this fund, please contact Erica Southerland at esoutherland@bostonbar.org or (617) 778-1930.

David Rangaviz joined the Appeals Unit of CPCS in 2017.  He is a graduate of Harvard Law School and Brown University.

Five Tips to Stand Out (in a good way) in Your Job Applications

Jennifer Perrigo, Assistant Dean, Career Services at Boston College Law School

Applicants often ask what they can do to make their application “stand out” from what they perceive to be a pile of applicants for entry level positions. Having had the privilege of sitting at the intersection of law school graduation and the legal job market and talking to countless employers, I have a few tips.

Speed: Being among the first to apply to a job posting or rumored lead. Doing so shows that you are enthusiastic about the opportunity and are highly motivated to get to work. Many jobs are filled on a rolling basis, so if you wait until close to the deadline to apply, it may already have been filled or the employer well into the interview process. Further, a fast (6-12 hours) reply to an employer’s inquiry for follow up information or request to schedule an interview will show your enthusiasm. It may also be perceived as symbolic of your ability to provide strong client service and/or responsiveness to requests from supervisors on the job. You might still be recovering from the experience of taking the bar- maybe even enjoying a much needed road trip or time away. Even if this is the case, check your email.

Quality: Speed, of course, should not come at the expense of submitting quality materials. Your application materials are samples of your written work product, among other things. Proofread your application materials carefully. You learned this in law school after many admonitions from your Career Office, however, there are a few sneaky ways that undermine the quality of your application. For example, a very subtle difference in point size or font that you forgot to change after cutting and pasting text to adapt your cover letter to the employer. Using the salutation, ‘Dear Hiring Manager’ or similar phrase shows that you didn’t take the time to look up or call the office to find out the hiring contact.

Remember that it’s not about you: Sentences in your cover letter, introductory email or interview answer that end with “….will allow me to…” should be used sparingly. For example, “A position at XYZ law firm will allow me to hone my litigation skills and gain valuable courtroom experience.” Instead, try to rephrase this in a way that shows how you will contribute to the work/clients/mission of the firm or organization. “I have a strong interest in litigation and believe that my work experience prior to law school and law school coursework related to intellectual property law will allow me to make a strong contribution to your firm.”

Know the Business: Most legal employers have a focus on either a particular type of law, industry or client. For example, a small firm that represents clients in the construction industry, a firm that not only specializes in employment law but that represents universities, an in-house legal department of a pharmaceutical company, a unit within an organization that focuses on housing, a particular client demographic or even region of the Commonwealth. Make it a point in your application materials to show any non legal experience, specialized knowledge, language skills or other ways that you are uniquely situated to serve their clients well.

Create a connection: Nothing draws attention to your application more than a referral from a trusted professional contact. When a former colleague’s name appears in the subject line or first few sentences of an introductory email or cover letter, I will always respond. The legal profession, no matter one’s area of expertise, is strengthened by strong professional relationships. Invoking the name of a trusted friend or colleague with the suggestion that you apply will immediately be noticed and all goodwill between those contacts – even if only for a moment- will be projected onto you. The Hiring Attorney will also likely feel the need to read your materials, make sure they respond and/or provide you with an interview out of professional courtesy to the referring attorney. 

The last tip is one of the BBA’s greatest benefits- a way to create a professional network to support you in your practice and throughout your career. On behalf of the Committee for New Lawyer Employment and other BBA members, we are here to support you as you search for your first legal job. Please join us for our future programs to learn more. If you are interested, you can sign up here to participate in our Law School Graduate Mentoring program as a mentee, and here to participate as a mentor.

BBA Launches Virtual CORI Sealing Clinic

Criminal Offender Record Information (CORI) often traps people in a cycle of poverty and unemployment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this cycle is more prevalent than ever. However, a CORI record may contain charges that can be “sealed” or expunged so that employers or housing providers cannot see those charges. Our CORI Sealing Clinic connects low-income clients who have questions about their criminal records with volunteer attorneys who can help. The clinic has now been adapted to a remote format via Zoom. Clients can receive assistance with obtaining, reviewing, and, if advised, sealing or expunging their records.  

 On October 1st, in partnership with GBLS, the BBA hosted a training geared toward attorneys interested in volunteering for the clinic. This training covered topics such as: 

• CORI and the various levels of access to CORI by employers and others 
• The waiting periods to seal records 
• How to seal criminal and juvenile records through the administrative process 
• How to seal criminal records in court 
• How to expunge records and how expungement differs from sealing 
• New FBI provisions in the law related to CORI 
• How to effectively assist clients at the clinic, fill out forms properly, and offer clients good legal advice 

On October 14, 2020, the BBA and GBLS hosted our first virtual CORI Sealing Clinic! With the help of GBLS Staff attorneys, we were able to get the virtual clinic up and running and assist several clients with filling out the proper CORI request forms. As part of the clinic we will refer clients volunteer attorneys to assist with sealing and/or expungement. The virtual clinic will take place every other Wednesday and we look forward to continuing to assist the community remotely!

If you have any questions, or would like to volunteer, please contact Chane Vanes at cvanes@bostonbar.org.  

Virtual Pro Bono Recruitment Fair & Open House: 

The annual Pro Bono Recruitment Fair & Open House for attorneys and law students with Suffolk University Law School is still on! Join us via Zoom for this annual program that connects legal service organizations and those interested in giving back. 

This event, sponsored by the Boston Bar Association and Suffolk University Law School, provides attorneys and law students with a range of pro bono opportunities. The fair is held as part of the National Pro Bono Celebration sponsored by the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on Pro Bono and Public Service. 

Attendees are encouraged to drop in and e-meet representatives from local legal services organizations and to learn more about the pro bono opportunities in our community. This event is offered to attorneys of all levels, as well as law students. 

Please see below for a list of participating organizations. More organizations will be added in advance of the program. For legal services providers interested in tabling at the event, please contact Sarah Bookbinder at sbookbinder@suffolk.edu.  

Participating Programs:  

  • Boston Tax Coalition 
  •  Conservation Law Foundation
  •  DOVE, Inc.
  •  Political Asylum/Immigrant Representation Project
  •  Project Citizenship
  •  Volunteer Lawyers for the Arts
  •  Women’s Bar Association
  •  Casa Myrna
  •  Committee for Public Counsel Services
  •  Greater Boston Legal Services
  •  Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)
  •  Middlesex County District Attorney’s Office
  •  Victim Rights Law Center

BBA Launches Virtual CORI Sealing Clinic

Criminal Offender Record Information (CORI) often traps people in a cycle of poverty and unemployment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this cycle is more prevalent than ever. However, a CORI record may contain charges that can be “sealed” or expunged so that employers or housing providers cannot see those charges. Our CORI Sealing Clinic connects low-income clients who have questions about their criminal records with volunteer attorneys who can help. The clinic has now been adapted to a remote format via Zoom. Clients can receive assistance with obtaining, reviewing, and, if advised, sealing or expunging their records.  

 On October 1st, in partnership with GBLS, the BBA hosted a training geared toward attorneys interested in volunteering for the clinic. This training covered topics such as: 

• CORI and the various levels of access to CORI by employers and others 
• The waiting periods to seal records 
• How to seal criminal and juvenile records through the administrative process 
• How to seal criminal records in court 
• How to expunge records and how expungement differs from sealing 
• New FBI provisions in the law related to CORI 
• How to effectively assist clients at the clinic, fill out forms properly, and offer clients good legal advice 

On October 14, 2020, the BBA and GBLS hosted our first virtual CORI Sealing Clinic! With the help of GBLS Staff attorneys, we were able to get the virtual clinic up and running and assist several clients with filling out the proper CORI request forms. As part of the clinic we will refer clients volunteer attorneys to assist with sealing and/or expungement. The virtual clinic will take place every other Wednesday and we look forward to continuing to assist the community remotely!  

If you are an attorney who would like to volunteer with this clinic, please contact Chane Vanes at cvanes@bostonbar.org.  If you are a client interested in meeting with a volunteer attorney as part of the clinic, please sign up here.

BBA Announces the New Veterans and Servicemembers Law Forum

The Boston Bar Association is pleased to announce our “Active Duty Military and Veterans Forum” has changed to the “Veterans and Servicemembers Law Forum”. We believe this name change more accurately describes its membership. 

The co-chairs highlighted the need to replace “active duty military” with “servicemembers” because the term servicemembers is both more inclusive and accurate for the forum. Servicemembers was selected because it is defined in the Servicemember Civil Release Act (SCRA) as including, but not limited to, all Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, and Coast Guard forces. This includes reservists and national guard who are often active but may not have been recalled to full-time duty.  

The Forum was formed in 2014 in order to, “further pro bono and public service initiatives that support [servicemembers]…, spotlight legal needs, serve as a network for current and former servicemembers in the legal profession and their families, and advise the BBA’s Lawyer Referral Service on its Military & Veterans Legal Help Line.” There are currently over two hundred active members of the Forum and the group annually hosts networking lunches and trainings on legal issues specific to Veterans and Servicemembers. The proposed name change would help clarify the inclusion of all servicemembers and those that support them, which upholds the goals and practices of the Forum. 

If you are interested in learning more about this forum, please contact Doug Newton at dnewton@bostonbar.org. 

BBA Announces the Establishment of the Committee for New Lawyer Employment

The Boston Bar Association is pleased to announce the establishment of a Committee for New Lawyer Employment. This committee was formed to bring together diverse perspectives and leverage the knowledge and experience of seasoned practitioners to help 2020 law school graduates enter the legal profession in this challenging time. The committee is chaired by Chris Strang, founding Partner at Strang, Scott, Giroux, & Young. Attorney Strang articulated the goals of the committee as such: “[G]iven the unique challenges during the global health crisis, our goal is to help 2020 graduates launch their careers in a virtual world and difficult job market.” By focusing on the unique needs of this year’s graduates, the committee will help plan extensive programming with the BBA to help those entering the legal job market attain their first post-graduate positions and succeed once they start their legal careers.

The first in this series of programming will be a Virtual Happy Hour Kickoff Event on Wednesday, September 9th from 4:00 to 5:00 PM. Attendees will join committee members and other recent graduates for a conversation about what the needs of recent graduates are moving forward and learn about the programs currently being planned. Whether you are job seeking, or just got your first job offer, this program is for you! Committee Chair Chris Strang will give a keynote address followed by mixing and mingling in randomized breakout rooms. Participants will also have an opportunity to ask the committee their questions about the program and make suggestions on the types of programming they would like to see. This program is part of the BBA’s 2020 Law School Graduate Mentoring Program, but is open to all. If you would like to learn more about the mentoring program, or become a mentor/mentee, you can do so here. You can register to attend this happy hour here.

 If you are interested in learning more about this committee, as well as mentoring and other opportunities for new lawyers, please contact Ariana Gebauer at agebauer@bostonbar.org.

BBA Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship: End of Summer Reflections

Over this summer, the BBA was excited to continue our Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program, producing essential work experiences for outstanding law students through paid summer internships in public offices. This year, we partnered with the Office of the Massachusetts Attorney General, Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination, and the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts, to provide enriching work opportunities for our participants.

Our second year of this program proved to be successful, with law students Rosa Kim (Boston College Law School), Farnaz Daneshvaran (New England Law), and Donald Slater (Suffolk University Law School) providing support for these offices, developing relationships with attorney mentors, and participating in BBA professional development programs. See what they had to say about their experiences below!

If your office is interested in supporting or participating in this program, please reach out to Solana Goss at sgoss@bostonbar.org.

End of Summer Reflection: Rosa Kim    

2L, Boston College Law School

Summer Fellow, Office of the Massachusetts Attorney General

Through the Boston Bar Association’s Diversity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program, I had the honor of interning at the Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey’s Office this summer. I was an intern for the Trial Division of the Government Bureau along with five other interns, and we were each assigned to some attorneys who gave us assignments throughout the summer.

This summer was certainly an interesting one—amid a global pandemic and one of the largest Civil Rights movements our country has ever seen, we have had to face the unique difficulties of remote working. Navigating these current unprecedented events has been challenging, but the Attorney General’s Office did an excellent job of making interns still feel like they were part of the office family. The Office hosted weekly intern events that were well-executed remotely, such as presentations on the different Bureaus of the Office and guest speakers who addressed issues pertaining to diversity and inclusion in the legal profession.

Through my internship, I was able to develop my legal research and writing skills—a personal goal of mine this summer. I did a lot of research regarding Massachusetts Civil Procedure and writing memorandums, specifically for motions to amend a Complaint or assert a cross-claim. One memorable project I worked on allowed me to gain more insight to the defenses that are available for corrections officers. Although COVID-19 largely affected court operations, I learned a lot about the trial process through meetings with my supervisor and attorneys within the Trial Division. I was able to attend a remote hearing and listen in on how a judge might navigate court proceedings. 

I had fantastic mentors whom I had the pleasure of meeting this summer. My mentor through the BBA’s Diversity & Inclusion Program, Jameel Moore, spoke to me about her experiences in law school and upon graduation. She taught me that there is merit to exploring different career paths and being flexible with my interests. My mentor at the Attorney General’s Office, April English, inspired and motivated me to use my voice and never settle for less.

Perhaps the highlight of my summer was engaging in necessary conversations around race and allyship. The AGO’s Chief of Organization Development & Diversity—my mentor April English—hosted guest speaker events, office-wide Open & Honest Conversations, and webinars dedicated to getting the Office involved in furthering diversity and inclusion in our communities. I was impressed by the receptiveness shown by the Office, even featuring an article in its weekly newsletter that I wrote for my law school on being actively anti-racist. Diversity and Inclusion is a lifelong commitment—I will always promote and strive for diversity and inclusion in all spaces for all people in and beyond my legal career. I appreciated the commitment that the Office displayed in ensuring a space in which marginalized individuals felt heard, seen, and supported. Summer of 2020 is definitely one for the books, and I am grateful that I could spend this summer at the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office.  Thank you to the Boston Bar Association for making this summer experience possible.

End of Summer Reflection: Farnaz Daneshvaran  

2L, New England Law

Summer Fellow, Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination

Through the BBA Diversity and Inclusion Summer Fellowship, I was one of the General Counsel’s Office interns for the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (“MCAD”) sponsored by the Pierce Atwood Law firm. Despite the challenges that COVID-19 created, the MCAD provided me with a fulfilling remote 10-week internship.

This summer, I obtained firsthand experience learning about the MCAD’s investigative process. During intern training, we were taught about the intake process, drafting dispositions, and Massachusetts laws regarding public accommodation, workplace, and housing discrimination. While interning, the large portion of my work revolved around analyzing workplace discrimination complaints and then drafting a disposition. I completed a law-collection database project which required compiling a list of the laws that evoked the MCAD’s jurisdiction. I also had the opportunity to observe intake calls such as an investigator’s initial intake call with a complainant. Prior to and after the intake calls, the leading investigator would brief me on the conversation and what steps need to occur after the conversation.

During the weekly intern Zoom meetings, the interns were sometimes given the opportunity to expand their knowledge on professional development skills such as salary negotiation and resume writing. Also, during my internship, the MCAD held a virtual book club meeting to discuss “Stamped from the Beginning” for the purpose of discrimination education. The MCAD is special to me because not only is it a state agency working against discrimination but also the employees reflected today’s society-a wide range of race, age, and gender diversity. As an Iranian American woman, it is my life’s purpose to promote the benefit of racial and religious diversity in the legal field. I am fortunate enough to be a part of the increase in diversity in Boston’s legal community.

During my summer internship, I had the pleasure of speaking with Attorney Courtney Scrubbs who was my mentor this summer. Attorney Scrubbs is a Corporate Counsel and is also on the Advisory Board of the MCAD. During our conversation, we discussed the importance of keeping my reason for attending law school in the forefront of my mind at all times. We also discussed that the definition of success is being truly inspired by the work that I do. 

The biggest lesson that my summer internship with the MCAD taught me was the importance of investigating all minor details. Most importantly, my summer internship showed me that I can see myself doing anti-discrimination work in the future.

I would like to thank everyone at the MCAD, Pierce Atwood Firm, the Boston Bar Association, and the Boston Bar Foundation for granting me the opportunity to work in the anti-discrimination field this summer.

End of Summer Reflection: Donald Slater    

2L, Suffolk University Law School

Summer Fellow, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts.

This summer I spent eight weeks with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts in Judge Frank J. Bailey’s chambers. During this time, I participated in things such as compiling hearing notes, issue research, and discussions about ongoing case matters. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic my summer experience was entirely remote which enabled me to attend a variety of hearings, status conferences, and other events with different Judges of the court that I may not have been able to otherwise.

The summer of 2020 will be an unforgettable experience for many reasons other than the ongoing pandemic. Going into this summer I did not expect to have the level of responsibility or input on matters that I was afforded. Judge Bailey’s chamber operates as a very efficient team where everyone is just as important as the next person and this applied to the interns from the onset. I knew very little of Bankruptcy law initially but being tasked to review motions, conduct research, and having discussions with Judge Bailey after each set of hearings, I was able to learn about Bankruptcy in a very hands-on and unique way beyond just reading a textbook.

Aside from learning about the law itself, my summer in Judge Bailey’s chambers allowed me to gain invaluable insight and knowledge on practical etiquette for attorneys. Through attending hearings and status conferences, I was able to witness attorneys in action for the first time since being in law school. Judge Bailey and his chambers were constantly reviewing how attorneys performed and alerting the interns to when a very competent attorney would be present or even when a below average attorney would make an appearance. By the end of the summer I was able to discern a very experienced and technically sound attorney from a less prepared attorney which is an information advantage I will be able to use for the rest of my legal career.

One of the highlights of my experience with Judge Bailey was undoubtedly all the professional development tools him and his chambers were able to offer myself and my fellow interns. Judge Bailey, with the help of his colleagues from around the country, put together a series of seminars for law students to be able to see different areas of the legal realm and discuss different career paths with panels of professionals from all over the nation. This was an eye-opening experience as I was exposed to a few new career ideas that I either never considered or simply did not know about.

Lastly, through this BBA fellowship, I was assigned a mentor who is currently a practicing attorney. Admittedly I threw a lot of questions at him and ran ideas by him to the point where I thought I was annoying, but he happily answered every question I had. He even offered to put me in contact with other professionals that could provide me information on various careers that interested me. With the “Transactional vs. Litigation” debate that many law students deal with, I found this to be particularly helpful. Having different sets of eyes and mindsets willing to review resumes or discuss academic or professional decisions makes me more confident in myself as a first-generation law student.

All in all, even though nothing could ever truly replace the experience of being in-person during an internship and court sessions, this summer did not disappoint on a professional or academic level. I feel more confident and knowledgeable going into my second year of school now that I have a better understanding of how professional attorneys and even judges approach legal issues.

Funding for these three positions has been provided by the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF). A generous donation provided to the BBF provided a $5,000 stipend to the intern at the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office. Funding for a second $5,000 stipend for the intern working in the judges’ chambers of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court has been provided by the BBF’s Charles P. Normandin Fund. Funding for the third position at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination was made possible by the law firm Pierce Atwood.