Bar Exam Coaching Program July 2022 Recap

Since its inception in 2015, the Boston Bar Association’s Bar Exam Coaching Program has matched 341 exam takers with coaches that assist with the non-substantive aspects of the bar exam. The program has two sessions each year, preparing exam takers for both the February and July exams. We recently wrapped up the July session for those taking the bar on July 26th and 27th.

This program would not be possible without our volunteer coaches. Coaches provide applicants with advice as they prepare for the bar-exam as well as a direct support system from someone who has been in the applicant’s shoes before. Join us in thanking our list of volunteers below!

Jon Bartelson (Committee for Public Services)

Karen Bobadilla (De Novo)

Sydney Burns (Prince Lobel Tye LLP)

Jessica Conklin (Laredo & Smith, LLP)

Lesley Chuang (DLA Piper)

Alexa Daniel (Boston Bar Association)

Blair Edwards (Cooley LLP)

Rontear Farmer (Department of Labor Standards)

Scott Garland (Affiliated Monitors, Inc.)

Lauren Hamill (Day Pitney LLP)

Kaitlyn Hansen (Peabody & Arnold LLP)

Alexandra Klindienst (Massachusetts Appeals Court)

Kristy Lavigne (Massachusetts Office of Bar Counsel)

Ginny Lee (Mintz)

Cathleen Liacos (Arrowood LLP)

Leslie Ann Lopez (Buoy Health)

Sara Mackey (Boston Bar Association)

Mackenzie Mayberry (Buoy Health)

Jenna Miara (MA IOLTA Committee)

Josh Miller (Acadia Management Co.)

Carlos Monroy (Chartwell Law)

Chris Mooney (Sullivan & Young, LLP)

Kaitlin Morel (Strang, Scott & Giroux)

Sean Nabi (Olympus Corporation)

Kianna Phillips (Mintz)

Mikaela Rice (Strang, Scott & Giroux, LLP)

Julia Royce (Sherin & Lodgen)

Anant Saraswat (Wolf Greenfield)

Dimitri Skuret (Rob Levine & Associates)

Rachna Vyas (Choate)

William Walsh (Sugarman and Sugarman, P.C.)

In addition to the coaching component of our program, the BBA also hosted four workshops. These workshops provided substantive and practical advice to applicants, providing them with crucial information to help improve their scores and overall well-being while preparing for the bar exam.

Our first workshop, led by Adrian Velazquez (Committee for Public Counsel Services), Eunice Aikins-Afful (Dragonfly Therapeutics), and Jonathan Schreiber (Massachusetts Association of Realtors) on June 1st, provided attendees with crucial tips for the essay portions of the exam. Our Stress Management workshop on June 8th, led by Dr. Healy (Lawyers Concerned for Lawyers, Inc.), encouraged our bar applicants to prioritize their mental health as they prepare for the exam and it provided them with valuable resources to rely on for support. Our last set of workshops, led by Nicholas Horan (Boston University School of Law) on June 14th and June 15th, focused on preparing for the MBE and MPT portions of the bar exam.

We wish all of the July 2022 applicants in our Bar Exam Coaching Program the greatest luck and success with the exam and we look forward to offering this program again to February 2023 applicants!

The BBA Bar Exam Coaching Program is made possible by the Boston Bar Foundation Public Service Grant, which supports the public service and pro bono projects of the BBA.

Students Selected for the BBA’s 2022 Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program 

Thanks to funding from the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund for Diversity & Inclusion, the BBF Charles P. Normandin Fund and generous firm sponsors Nutter and Pierce Atwood, the BBA Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship program has increased in size from 6 students to 10.

Each fellow will receive a $6,000 stipend for the summer and will also gain practical experience in developing legal research and writing skills, expanding professional networks, and access to programming at the BBA. In addition, the fellows are paired with a mentor from the BBA’s Diversity Equity & Inclusion Section.

This year’s Summer Fellows are:

Keanna Joseph, a second-year student from Northeastern University School of Law, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office
Joshua Lopez, a second-year student at Suffolk University Law School who will be interning at the Committee for Public Counsel Services
Eliza Manriquez, a third-year student from New England Law Boston, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Department of Children & Families
Brooke Tideman, a second-year student from New England Law Boston, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
Nicholas Lopez, a second-year student from Boston College Law School, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Department of Revenue
Haley Albee, a third-year student from Boston College Law School, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination
George Boateng, a second-year student from Boston University School of Law, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Port Authority
Arianna Fisher, a second-year student at New England Law Boston, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General
Darren Boykin, a second-year student from New England Law Boston, who will be interning at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts
William Merriweather, a second-year student from New England Law Boston, who will be interning at the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office.

Keanna “Nie” Joseph, Northeastern University School of Law
Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office

As a 2L at Northeastern University School of Law, Keanna is involved in the Black Law Student Association on campus. From her application, she notes, “as an aspiring litigator with a strong interest in civil law and a commitment to public service, I would be honored to intern with the Attorney General’s Office. Having spent a lifetime watching my parents, an Army soldier and a government employee, serve their adopted country, I am excited to give back to my country as a first-born American citizen and first-generation lawyer. I am particularly excited to work with a community of lawyers who have dedicated themselves to being “the people’s lawyer.”

Joshua Lopez, Suffolk University Law School
Committee for Public Counsel Services

As a 2L at Suffolk University Law School, Joshua is involved in the Black Law Student Association and the Latin American Law Student Association. From his application, he notes, “my motivation is driven by my desire to become a professional that as a child I pictured as a superhero: to be the face that younger Black and brown students can look to as an example for who they can become. I hope to use my privilege as a current law student and future attorney to continue promoting diversity and inclusion efforts in the field.”

Eliza Manriquez, New England Law | Boston
Department of Children and Families

As a 3L at New England Law Boston, Eliza is involved in various law school and community leadership initiatives, including the Law School Disability Advocacy Coalition and the Identify Affirmation Project. She notes, when reflecting on prior work experience, “I assisted in hosting events related to issues of gender equity and its multiple intersections, specifically relating to race, disability, and LGBTQ+ matters.” As a native Spanish speaker, she strives to use her experiences to give a voice to others, including immigrants and other marginalized communities.

Brooke Tideman, New England School of Law Boston
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection

As a 2L at New England School of Law, Brooke is involved in the Public Interest Law Association, and OUTLaws, a student group for the LGBTQ+ community and its allies. Brooke notes in their application that “diversity in the workplace allows for better representation of clients as they are more likely to find legal professionals that they feel comfortable and safe working with, and it allows for more empathy when interacting with clients. The work that Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection environment has reminded me of why I decided to pursue a legal career: to help protect our planet and the people living here.”

Nicholas Lopez, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Department of Revenue

As a 2L at BC Law, Nick has developed an interest in helping individuals facing financial hardships. From his application, he notes, “the sense of duty to immigrant families that has fueled my interest in law school grew by seeing families much like my own struggle to pay rent in gentrified areas. Understanding the perspectives of both the landlords and tenants, I became fascinated with finding economic and legal solutions that reduce the externalities of gentrification. Learning about the benefits that are offered in the tax code would equip me with the legal and practical knowledge needed to better serve my clients.”

Haley Albee, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination

As a 3L at Boston College Law School, Haley continues her passion of eradicating discrimination and advocating for the expansion of civil rights through her involvement in pro bono clinics and internships. From her application, Haley notes that “prior experiences working with criminal justice reform advocates has solidified my desire to pursue a career centered around a career in public service to ensure our Constitutional rights are safeguarded. An internship with MCAD this summer would be a tremendous step towards realizing this goal and permit me the opportunity to produce meaningful change.”

George Boateng, Boston University School of Law
Massachusetts Port Authority

As a 2L at Boston University School of Law, George was elected recently as the President of the Black Law Student Association, is involved in the BU First Generation Professionals Group, and is a student ambassador for the BU Law Office of Institutional Diversity and Inclusion. From his application, George notes, “I take the privilege of law school seriously. I push myself daily while also trying to be a positive influence. The substantive experience of legal writing and researching this internship at Massport provides is invaluable to the profession. Furthermore, the mentorship and the ability to be around lawyers will be vital to my belief that I can thrive in this profession.”

Arianna Fisher, New England Law Boston
Office of the Inspector General

As a 2L at New England, Arianna is involved on campus in the First Generation Students’ Support Group, the Identity Affirmation Project and the CORI Initiative. Arianna notes “I am eager for the opportunity to learn from an internship at the OIG and to hone my research skills, deepen my understanding of administrative law and regulatory compliance, and contribute to the OIG’s mission of promoting efficiency and transparency in government. As a woman and a member of the LGBTQ+ community, with an interdisciplinary background in both the arts and sciences, I can bring a diverse voice and set of experiences to the legal profession.”

Darren Boykin, New England Law | Boston
United States Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts

As a 2L at New England, Darren is involved as a student volunteer with the CORI Initiative on campus. From his application, Darren states, “participation in this fellowship would provide me with the opportunity to explore an area of the law that I allowed imposter syndrome to close off. In my undergraduate studies, I had longed to learn more about business as I felt it was an opportunity to foster generational wealth. Commercial law offers the unique opportunity to combine these two desires of developing an understanding of business and finance, while also helping others. I also believe that participation in this fellowship would allow me to harness my research skills, gain an esteemed mentor, and to ultimately achieve my professional goals.”

Rev. William D. Merriweather III, New England Law | Boston
Suffolk Country District Attorney’s Office

As a 2L at New England, William is involved in the Black Law Student Association and the Justice Initiative as a law fellow. From his application, William notes, “as the only black male in my section of 107 law students, I will bring with me diverse thoughts, a bounty of unique experiences and a spirit of inclusion. Overall, I wish to be an active and positively contributing member of my community. I can really see myself thriving at the District Attorney’s office. I am here because of the hard work of those who came before me along with the dedication of my own mind, heart, and hands.”

For more information about how to support the BBF, please contact Erica Southerland at esoutherland@bostonbar.org.

Bar Exam Coaching Program February 2022 Recap

Since its inception in 2015, the Boston Bar Association’s Bar Exam Coaching Program has matched 311 exam takers with coaches that assist with the non-substantive aspects of the bar exam. The program has two sessions each year, preparing exam takers for both the February and July exams. We recently wrapped up the February session for those taking the bar on February 22nd & 23rd, 2022.

This program would not be possible without our volunteer coaches. Coaches provide applicants with advice as they prepare for the bar-exam as well as a direct support system from someone who has been in the applicant’s shoes before. Join us in thanking our list of volunteers below!

Karen Bobadilla (De Novo)

Sydney Burns (Prince Lobel Tye LLP)

Rick Darst (Brown Rudnick LLP)

Brian Galletta (Brian K. Galletta –Attorney at Law)

Kaitlyn Gauck (Women’s Bar Foundation)

Lauren Hamill (Day Pitney LLP)

Karen Iovaine (Iovaine Legal, PC)

Cory Lamz (Buoy Health, INC)

Kristy Lavigne (MA Office of Bar Counsel)

Ginny Lee (Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky, and Popeo, P.C.)

Leslie Ann Lopez (Buoy Health)

Kianna Phillips ((Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky, and Popeo, P.C.)

Cassandra Prince (Nutter McClennen & Fish LLP)

Cassie Ramos (Biogen Inc)

Simone Shapiro (Atwood & Cherny)

Erica Tritta (Law Office of Erica J. Tritta)

Benn Waters (Lusha Systems)

Cecily Wilbanks (Greenberg Traurig, LLP)

In addition to the bar coaching component of our program, the BBA also hosted three workshops. These workshops provided substantive and practical advice to applicants, providing them with crucial information to help improve their scores and overall well-being while preparing for the bar exam.

Our first workshop, led by Adrian Velazquez (Committee for Public Counsel Services) and Eunice Aikins-Afful (Dragonfly Therapeutics) on January 4th, provided attendees with crucial tips for the essay portions of the exam. Our Stress Management workshop on January 11th, led by Dr. Healy (Lawyers Concerned for Lawyers, Inc.), encouraged our bar applicants to prioritize their mental health as they prepare for the exam and it provided them with valuable resources to rely on for support. Our last workshop, led by Professor Robert Coulthard (New England School of Law) on February 9th, focused on preparing for the MBE and MPT portions of the bar exam.

We wish all of the February 2022 applicants in our Bar Exam Coaching Program the greatest luck and success with the exam and we look forward to offering this program again to July applicants!

The BBA Bar Exam Coaching Program is made possible by the Boston Bar Foundation Public Service Grant, which supports the public service and pro bono projects of the BBA.

Celebrating Pro Bono Month: A Recap

The Boston Bar Association (BBA) is happy to close out yet another successful pro bono month! Throughout the month of October, attorneys and law students expressed interest in our pro bono month programs. We would like to thank all our partnering organizations, including BBF grantees, and steering committees for helping us put on yet another great month of opportunities to give back.

Did you miss out on the BBA’s Pro Bono month events? Check out some of the Pro Bono month highlights below!

October 7th and October 13th: Two-Part Housing Trainings Session with Volunteer Lawyers Project

The BBA was happy to continue its partnership with the Volunteer Lawyers Project (VLP). This year, VLP trained attendees on how they can represent clients that are facing a housing crisis. The October 7th Eviction Defense: Basics and How to Get Involved provided attendees with a basic overview of the eviction process and the most common defenses and counterclaims that attorneys should be familiar with when representing their clients. In case you missed it, you will find a link to the October 7th training here.

On October 13th, VLP followed up their eviction basics training with their Representing Tenants in Housing Court Mediations training. In this session, VLP focused on the basics of negotiation and how to get the best results for tenants. In particular, the training covered Tier 1 mediation, the most common assistance that VLP provides tenants during their Lawyer for the Day program. After going over the basics, the attendees had the opportunity to out into small groups and put their trainings into practice.

October 12th: Pro Bono Naturalization Training

The need for pro bono assistance in immigration cases continues to grow. In order to help meet this need, the BBA hosted a pro bono naturalization training in partnership with Project Citizenship. The attendees practiced one-on-one interviews with pre-screened citizenship applicants to review Form N-400 naturalization applications. Did you miss the program but you are still interested in volunteering with Project Citizenship, check out the free recording!

October 14th: CORI Sealing Clinic

The BBA’s CORI Sealing Project, in partnership with Greater Boston Legal Services (GBLS), continues to be a success. The attorneys that attended our October 14th are now eligible to volunteer at a CORI Sealing Clinic. Missed the training session? Watch the recording!

We want to give a special thank you to volunteers who have participated in the project so far and we are looking forward to gaining more volunteers as the program year continues.

October 26th: Volunteering with Veterans Legal Services 101

On October 26th, the BBA hosted an introduction to volunteering with Veterans Legal Services (VLS). The program featured an experienced panel that provided the basics of working with the veterans and servicemembers community in Massachusetts and gave attendees a plethora of ways that they can get involved. Interested in volunteering with VLS but missed our program? Watch our free recording!

October 27th: Virtual Pro Bono Recruitment Fair & Open House

The BBA hosted a Pro Bono Recruitment Fair & Open House with Suffolk University. We had numerous organizations in attendance and a plethora of attorneys and law students interested in getting involved. Thank you to each of the organizations that participated and we look forward to hosting the event with Suffolk University again next year!

October 28th: How to be a Successful Pro Bono Attorney

The BBA’s New Lawyers Forum hosted a discussion on having a commitment to pro bono work as an attorney. The panelist discussed different pro bono legal service opportunities, how to balance a full-time workload with pro bono work, and various other essential topics. You can still learn how you can be a successful pro bono attorney by watching our recording here!

October 29th: A Survivor’s Perspective: On interacting with Systems Before, During, and After Being Trafficked

We closed out Pro Bono month with an information conversation between Jose Alfaro, a human trafficking survivor, and Julie Dahlstrom, the Director and Clinical Professor of Boston University Law School’s Immigrants’ Rights and Human Trafficking Program. Jose addressed his personal experience of being trafficked as an LGBTQ+ minor and person of color. Additionally, he addressed the legal systems he interacted with and the impact they had on his experience. You can watch this moving conversation here and learn how attorneys can better represent human trafficking survivors.

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BBA Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship: End of Summer Reflections

Over this summer, the BBA was excited to grow its Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program, providing essential work experience for six outstanding law students through paid summer internships in public interest offices. This year, we partnered with the Office of the Massachusetts Attorney General, Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts, Committee for Public Counsel Services, Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General, and the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office. The stipends for these positions was made possible with the support of individual donors and funding from the BBF Beacon Fund, the Charles P. Normandin Fund and generous firm sponsors Foley Hoag Foundation, Nutter, and Pierce Atwood.

Our third year of this program proved to be successful, with law students Kajahna Matos (UMass Law – Dartmouth), Dhairya Bhatia (Boston College Law School), Alfred Spencer (Suffolk University Law School), Jessie Baek (Boston College Law School), Catherine Garcia Summa (UMass Law – Dartmouth), and Travis Salters (Boston College Law School) providing support for these offices, developing relationships with attorney mentors, and participating in BBA professional development programs. See what they had to say about their experiences below!

If your office is interested in supporting or participating in this program, please reach out to Solana Goss at sgoss@bostonbar.org.

End of Summer Reflection: Kajahna Matos

2L, UMass Law – Dartmouth

Summer Fellow, Committee for Public Counsel Services

Through the Boston Bar Association’s Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program, I had the honor of interning for the Committee of Public Counsel Services (“CPCS”). I was an intern for the Public Defender Division at the Boston Trial Office this summer along with six other interns, and we were each assigned to various attorneys who gave us assignments throughout the summer.

This summer was certainly an interesting one, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, as we have had to face the unique difficulties of working remotely. Navigating this current unprecedented time has been challenging, but CPCS did an excellent job of making interns still feel like they were part of the office family. The Office hosted weekly intern events that were well-executed remotely. First, The Intern Speaker series were given every Wednesday and Friday, which is when guest speakers and/or presentations were offered to address issues about diversity and inclusion in the legal profession. Next, we had the Coffee Break series where we met different attorneys in the office and got to have fluid conversations about their work at CPCPS every Tuesday. Then, we each had Case Crunches on different days of the week-mine was on Thursdays- and this is where we were in a group with other attorneys discussing a complicated case and brainstorming different legal strategies and best advocating avenues for our clients. Last, we had criminal defense trainings on different topics randomly every month where we were taught how to approach certain situations and how to prepare the best arguments on those topics.

Through my internship, I was able to enhance my confidence in my legal research, writing skills, and client relationships. I was lucky to have been assigned many different assignments on a variety of topics. Some of the topics that I did legal research on consisted of the Attenuation Doctrine and a Fugitive from Justice charge. I also wrote different motions to suppress, one on a Show-up ID and the other based on statements. At the same time, I continued to enhance my writing skills by being tasked with providing a memorandum based on an armed robbery. This was a personal goal of mine as I wanted to feel more confident in my legal work products, and I was able to accomplish this through my first real-life legal memorandum. Luckily, COVID-19 restrictions were lifting throughout the summer, so I was also able to watch in on different court proceedings. Whenever I could not attend an in-court proceeding, I was able to remotely join and watch how judges navigated their courtrooms.

The highlights of my summer were being a part of a homicide case and working on a community project to help eliminate jail and prison phone call costs. I have always wanted to work on high crime or serious cases, and I was given the chance to this summer alongside an incredible attorney who kept me very involved throughout the case. I also worked on a community project where I was doing my research in figuring out how to end jail and prison phone call costs throughout Boston. I was able to connect with individuals who had loved ones that were affected by the financial burden of phone call costs. Therefore, I was trying to do my part to advocate for jail and prison phone call justice.

I am extremely grateful for the personal relationships I was able to develop in such a short period of time and remotely in this internship. I connected with two attorneys at CPCS who came from the same background as me and/or shared the same interests as me. These attorneys cared very much for my success and always pushed me on my assignments by giving me helpful feedback to apply to my future legal career. These attorneys heightened my interest in working for CPCS upon my graduation because the CPCS office runs more as a family rather than just colleagues. 

Summer of 2021 is one to remember, and I am grateful that I spent this summer at CPCS. Thank you to the Boston Bar Association for making this summer experience possible.

End of Summer Reflection: Dhairya Bhatia

2L, Boston College Law School

Summer Fellow, United States Bankruptcy Court

Through the 2021 Boston Bar Association’s Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Fellowship, I had the opportunity to intern with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts in Chief Judge Christopher Panos’s chambers. Remotely, I observed hearings for consumer and commercial bankruptcy cases and was able to research a couple of novel issues and provide recommendations for those issues.

This summer provided me an opportunity to learn more about the issues that arise in bankruptcy from discrete technical questions to the broader policy considerations that underlie the Bankruptcy Code. For example, I researched issues surrounding the dismissal process of a Chapter 7 bankruptcy for abuse of its provisions and the controversial undue hardship standard that a student loan debtor is required to meet in order to discharge their student loan debt in bankruptcy.

While researching dismissal of a Chapter 7 for abuse of its provisions, I learned about the development of the process, which culminated into the codification of a means test that would determine whether abuse of the Chapter 7 provisions shall be presumed. This topic introduced me to the recurring theme of the competing interests between creditors recovering payments and fresh starts afforded to honest debtors. I also was able to learn about arguments that drive statutory construction and why a means test to determine abuse was implemented.

The more interesting topic I had a chance to research during my internship was how student loan debt was handled in bankruptcy. As students, we are particularly sensitive to this topic, especially with news of the student loan industry increasing along with American households’ level of student loan indebtedness, and the Administration’s efforts to cancel student loan debt or provide other types of relief during the pandemic. Having been able to spend so much time researching the student loan debt discharge jurisprudence, I was able to learn about the two tests that courts consider when determining whether or not student loan debt created undue hardship on a debtor and the debtor’s dependents.

To better understand why the undue hardship standard exists, I tracked the history of the student loan debt exception in the Bankruptcy Code. By tracking its history through researching the development of the provision and reading Congressional reports, I learned that ultimately Congress was weary of a hypothetical student who would take out student loan debt to pay for a college education, receive a high-paying job, and then discharge that debt in bankruptcy upon graduation. It is unclear to me as to whether students actually committed such acts, but the result was that student loan debt would be treated the same way as judgments that people received for committing fraud, driving under the influence, or domestic support obligations. Regardless of the validity of Congress’s concerns, the reality is that the viability of the student loan industry takes precedence over the student loan debtor.

Though I concluded my internship by researching what other avenues are available to student loan debtors who are unable to meet the undue hardship finding through the court’s equitable powers, I still find myself thinking about student loan debt exception and the policy implications of it. In the United States, Black people often have more student loan debt than their white counterparts. Women hold more of the student loan debt than men. Notwithstanding these disparities, student loan debt is treated differently than other unsecured debts. Thus, this internship gave me insight about how the American legal system continues to exacerbate racial and gender disparities. As I continue my path to becoming a lawyer who wants to combat the deeply engrained white supremacist patriarchal attitudes in the American legal system, I have no choice but to be cognizant of this reality.

End of Summer Reflection: Alfred Spencer

2L, Suffolk University School of Law

Summer Fellow, Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office

My summer spent working with the Chelsea District Court trial team and the Integrity Review Bureau (IRB) has helped me to better understand what it means to be an attorney. Not only has it opened my eyes as to what it takes to be a good attorney, it has helped me to think about what it means to pursue justice.

Working with the Chelsea District Court trial team has fostered my interest in victim advocacy and alternative solutions to incarceration. When thinking about the legal process and what it means to be a prosecutor, people quickly associate it with the prosecutor fighting zealously with the defense and that “winning” is all that matters. I learned that this assumption is an oversimplification of the complex job that a prosecutor needs to do. Prosecutors must consider whether incarceration will be best for the community, the defendant, and also needs to consider the victim. I am grateful that I was able to witness Drug Court firsthand and learn about the many ways that both sides can work together towards that common goal. The many discussions we had about victim advocacy is also something that will stick with me and continue to color my approach moving forward. Hearing about the difficulties that victims face has also inspired me to try and find ways to advocate for them and to find creative solutions to issues that they face.

Working with the IRB has helped me to appreciate the amount of trust that prisoners and their families put into the system when requesting that their case or sentence be reviewed. Many of them have been incarcerated for over a decade and often this is their last chance for release. It has also made clear to me the tough choices that the attorneys working in the IRB must make. When reviewing someone’s case and sentence all the details matter, regardless of how small they seem. It’s a balancing act of wanting to help people who may have had an unfair trial and/or been sentenced unfairly and needing to protect the community. Having witnessed the work that is done and the care that is given to each case has been eye opening.

Overall, this summer has solidified my interest in and my determination to pursue a career in criminal law. I will take what I have learned at the courts and with the IRB into my legal clinic this upcoming 3L year and it will continue to color what I do in the future. Everyone I have worked with has helped me to better understand my goals and what I can do to help make the legal profession more equitable for everyone. I am definitely looking forward to getting back into the court room in the near future.

End of Summer Reflection: Jessie Baek

2L, Boston College Law School

Summer Fellow, Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination

Through the Boston Bar Association’s Diversity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program, I interned at the General Counsel’s Office for the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD), sponsored by the Pierce Atwood Law firm. I had a fully remote, but extremely rewarding, internship this summer and had the opportunity to regularly meet with the different Commissioners at the MCAD to learn about their practice.

One of the most important things I learned this summer was about the MCAD’s role in adjudicating discrimination complaints. In the state of Massachusetts, all discrimination complaints must first be filed with the MCAD. From that point, after the Complainant has submitted his/her complaint and the Respondent(s) has filed his/her position statement, the MCAD works through its investigative process to determine whether probable cause exists. If probable cause is found, the Commission Counsel assists the Complainant through a conciliation and a public hearing where they hear their final order. Understanding this process put into perspective a lot of the work that I did at the MCAD, from observing conciliations with Complainants and Respondents, to writing a legal memo on the privilege that attaches between the Commission Counsel and a Complainant. Some of my other assignments consisted of writing a disposition on an employment case, completing discovery requests (interrogatories and a request for production of documents), researching case law that supported Counsel’s argument in motions to the court, and compiling a database of laws evoking the MCAD’s jurisdiction.

Throughout my remote internship, what I appreciated the most about my experience was the openness and willingness of the MCAD’s Commission Counsels in meeting with me to answer questions, inviting me to attend their upcoming conciliations and appeals, and making time to debrief with me after each observational opportunity. This made the remote internship extremely personal and allowed me to build strong, interpersonal relationships with the different attorneys.

I also want to thank my mentor, Acting General Counsel Deirdre Hosler, who always went out of her way to make sure that I was meeting all of my goals through the internship. We met regularly over Zoom on a weekly basis to discuss my progress on assignments and have ongoing conversations about how we see anti-discrimination work being furthered through the MCAD’s mission. Her commitment to eradicating discrimination in the state of Massachusetts inspired me to stay true to my passions and remember what led me to law school in the first place.

End of Summer Reflection: Catherine Garcia Summa

2L, UMass Law – Dartmouth

Summer Fellow, Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General

I first knew that my internship with the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) was going to be a phenomenal legal experience during the interview process.  I was taken aback with how my interviewers – who would later be my supervisor and mentor – took the time to learn about my military service and were genuinely interested in what I could bring to the Office as an intern.  When we started the internship, we were remote and I was nervous about not having any interactions with my fellow interns and other members of the legal division.  It was especially nerve-wracking as a 1L with zero experience in legal work aside from school.  My anxiety was quelled over the first few days when Jenny, our supervisor, reached out to the interns daily, scheduled video conferences to discuss concerns or assignments, and included us on every legal division meeting.  I instantly felt like part of the team. 

My first assignment was to write an internal memo on the Inspector General’s role on a particular board.  I dove into the research and quickly learned that Massachusetts has many, many General Laws.  I also learned that I love researching.  It was exciting to learn new things during my research for the memo that I would have otherwise never come across.  I also enjoyed picking apart statutes and analyzing how they applied to the OIG, if at all.  With my mentor’s help, I learned about other methods of obtaining information when I got stuck like asking a Social Law librarian for references.  I received positive feedback on the memo as well as constructive criticism that has helped me become a better legal writer and that I will carry with me throughout my career.  After discussing the project with Jenny and how I wanted to continue sharpening my legal research skills, she assigned me numerous research assignments that ranged from civil procedure questions to finding precedent cases and information to assist with the Office’s current investigations.  My favorite research assignment involved investigating how other jurisdictions have changed their hiring criteria involving applicants with past criminal history.  In working on this assignment, I discovered that many states are revising their hiring policies to take a more holistic approach in hiring applicants with past criminal history.  This assignment was important to me because I know first-hand how certain hiring criteria disproportionately affects people of color.  The assignment also reaffirmed what I already knew about the Office’s commitment to increasing diversity within the legal profession, and I was proud to take part in it.

Leaving the Office and the relationships I developed is difficult, but I am leaving with quite a bit: a greater sense of confidence in myself; a group of mentors who were instrumental in my success this summer and who I will continue to reach out to throughout my career; contacts in numerous government organizations, including the SJC, and friends within the legal community who I am excited to watch do great things.

End of Summer Reflection: Travis Salters

2L, Boston College Law School

Summer Fellow, Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General

My experience working in the Constitution and Administrative Law Division of the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General exceeded all my expectations. Heading into the summer, I hoped to practice legal research and writing, while also shadowing attorneys as they moved through their cases. I assumed I would work steadily on one or two cases, receive some feedback from my supervisor, and start preparing for my next academic year. Yet, on my first day, I received three assignments from three different attorneys. The first assignment required me to participate in a moot court with an attorney as she prepared for an upcoming oral argument. Another attorney requested a brief on a legal question regarding a recent Supreme Judicial Court decision, while another attorney asked me to draft a motion for an approaching court deadline. After receiving these assignments on the first day, I initially thought they mistakenly sent these to the wrong person because surely a first-year law student can’t be expected to conduct this meaningful work. However, I quickly realized that these challenges were opportunities to grow as I received tremendous support from a host of attorneys.

Throughout these two months, I worked on six different cases ranging in topics including retirement law, health law, and family law. I wrote memos on questions of statutory construction, drafted motions, participated as a judge in a moot court, and assisted with a multi-state amicus brief.

In addition to these meaningful work experiences, I received mentorship, guidance, and teaching from some of the brightest people I’ve ever met including Amy Spector, LaRonica Lightfoot, David Marks, Kim Parr, Elizabeth Kaplan, Doug Martland, Julie Kobick, Adam Cambier, and many others. Throughout my time working with them, everyone demonstrated their commitment to justice and the truth. During one of my first assignments, I recall pointing out the fact that the Commonwealth could lose a case if a particular argument was raised. I’ll never forget the attorney responding, “if that is the truth, then we must lose.” In an ever-polarizing, divisive, and adversarial world, that moment of vulnerability for the truth encouraged me to remain optimistic. If someone with decades of legal experience is optimistic, how can I not? 

I was also encouraged by the Office’s genuine, intentional conversations and strategy about viewing their work through a lens of racial equity. Again, this demonstrated commitment to justice stood out throughout my short time in the Office and will leave a lasting impression of how I view my own work.

I’m thankful for this incredible opportunity granted by the Boston Bar Association, I’m proud of my capabilities developed by Boston College Law School, and I’m grateful for the amazing relationships that I’ve established, which I intend to carry on throughout my legal career in Boston.

Funding for the position with the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office and the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General has been provided by the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund. The position at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General has been sponsored by the Foley Hoag Foundation. The position at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts is made possible by the Charles P. Normandin Fund, the position at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) is made possible through the law firm Pierce Atwood, and the position at the Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS) is sponsored by the law firm Nutter. For more information about how to support the BBF, please contact Solana Goss at sgoss@bostonbar.org.

2021 DEI Summer Fellows Finishing the first Month of Internships

The 6 BBA DEI Summer Fellows are now finishing their first month at their Fellowships. We checked in and asked, “Which work task or experience this week did you find most interesting or enjoyable?” See their responses below!

Kajahna Matos, UMass Law – Dartmouth
Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS)

I found my task in helping to create a homicide timeline for one of the attorney’s I work with to be the most interesting this week! I have always wanted to work on high crime cases and see what the experience is like for an attorney. Through this task, I have received a ton of exposure in how to do pretrial preparation for a murder charge. 

Catherine Garcia Summa, UMass Law – Dartmouth
Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General (OIG)

This past week, I was afforded the opportunity to research how to properly serve a foreign limited liability company without a registered agent in Massachusetts.  We learned about proper service of process during Civil Procedure, but actually taking part in the proceeding gave me a deeper understanding of the Massachusetts Rules of Civil Procedure.  What was most enjoyable is seeing how what I learned during class is applied in the field, and how my research and the write ups of my findings help the legal team.  Getting the hands on experience has been invaluable.

Dhairya Bhatia, Boston College Law School
United States Bankruptcy Court

This week, I began research on the dischargeability of student loan debt in bankruptcy. This research is interesting because I’ve heard about how difficult it was to discharge student loan debt because a debtor has to show that repaying student loan debt would impose an undue hardship on them. Now, I’ve learned about the competing standards to assess undue hardship, the history and policies of student loan debt, and a little about the role the courts play in fashioning equitable remedies. This research is shedding light on how a student can discharge their student loan debt in bankruptcy.

Alfred Spencer, Suffolk University School of Law
Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office

The most interesting experience I had in this past week was being able to carry out certain legal duties under Rule 3:03. Although it was a nerve-racking experience at first, it was a very educational experience and I enjoyed being able to apply what I have learned in law school. I look forward to presenting more cases and learning more in the coming weeks and being able to apply the feedback given to me by the Assistant District Attorneys.

Jessie Baek, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD)

This week I have been making progress on my research memo on the privilege that attaches between the MCAD’s Commission Counsel and a Complainant. It’s a challenging topic to explore, but this week I narrowed my research and have been looking closely at how pro se litigants are treated by the court. It was interesting to read how different courts view pro se litigants, and it helped a lot in figuring out how to close the conceptual gap that I was facing.

Travis Salters, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General (AGO)

My time at the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General has been filled with several incredible experiences and opportunities for growth. Throughout all the meaningful assignments, I’ve constantly received constructive feedback to strengthen my research and writing. The most enjoyable experience was participating in a moot court prior to an attorney arguing before the Appeals Court the following day. The task entailed reading all the briefs and documents associated with the case, preparing potential questions that may challenge the Office’s argument, and posing those questions in a live session while acting as a judge. Asking the questions was terrific, but simply listening in on the strategic planning by several attorneys across different departments was particularly fascinating. I feel strongly that I learn just as much from “listening” as “doing” when I’m surrounded by such brilliant attorneys.

Funding for the position with the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office and the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General has been provided by the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund. The position at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General has been sponsored by the Foley Hoag Foundation. The position at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts is made possible by the Charles P. Normandin Fund, the position at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) is made possible through the law firm Pierce Atwood, and the position at the Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS) is sponsored by the law firm Nutter. For more information about how to support the BBF, please contact Solana Goss at sgoss@bostonbar.org.

2021 Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Fellows Begin Summer Internships

The 6 BBA DEI Summer Fellows all started work in in early June. We checked in and asked “What are you most looking forward to this summer over the course of your Fellowship?”

Catherine Garcia

I am most excited to apply my legal research and writing skills to real world scenarios and see how what I have learned this past year translates into actual practice.  I am also very excited to network with the other fellowship recipients as well as BBA members and learn more about the various practice areas of law.  Because most law schools have been fully remote this past year, I feel like I have been in a bit of a bubble and am eager to meet people and talk about our experiences in school and in practice.

Jessie Baek

I am most excited to work with my attorney supervisor to gain a better understanding of how the MCAD resolves discrimination complaints. By engaging in legal research and writing, I hope to become a stronger advocate for future clients. 

Alfred Spencer

This summer over the course of my Fellowship placement I am looking forward to being able to witness progressive prosecution firsthand while I work with the Chelsea District Court Division. I am also excited to finally be able to work on something that I am truly passionate about, criminal justice reform. Being able to work in such a progressive legal environment where I can see firsthand how these new policies directly impact individuals and communities is an experience that I know will help me hone the skills needed to [SN1] contribute to ongoing conversations that can truly bring about criminal justice reform. I know that what I learn and what I experience will stay with me for the rest of my legal career.

Kajahna Matos

I am most excited about meeting attorneys in the Boston CPCS office and engaging in their community efforts by providing great defense to indigent people. I am looking forward to the diverse environment that Boston brings and seeing it fill the Boston CPCS office. I am ready to learn new things and how to become the best public defender I can be by being mentored from those in CPCS. 

Dhairya Bhatia

I am most interested in learning more about issues consumers are facing, since bankruptcy covers such a diverse set of consumer issues! I am also excited to get to write about some of these topics and attend hearings!

Travis Salters

I am one week into my Fellowship at the Massachusetts’s Office of the Attorney General, and I have already had an amazing experience! The meaningful and substantive work of the office has challenged me to employ the knowledge and skills that I have developed during my first year of law school. Particularly, my Law Practice class at Boston College, where Professor Mary Ann Chirba was exceptional at teaching me how to draft memos and briefs, has been critical in my ability to perform in this role. In my first week, I participated in a moot court to help an attorney prepare for an Appeals Court argument, and I have met with several attorneys to receive feedback and direction. I look forward to building mentor relationships with attorneys throughout the office that will hopefully last beyond this Fellowship. I am also excited to expand my personal community by getting to know other Fellows and Interns.

Funding for the position with the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office and the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General has been provided by the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund. The position at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General has been sponsored by the Foley Hoag Foundation. The position at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts is made possible by the Charles P. Normandin Fund, the position at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) is made possible through the law firm Pierce Atwood, and the position at the Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS) is sponsored by the law firm Nutter. For more information about how to support the BBF, please contact Solana Goss at sgoss@bostonbar.org.


Students Selected for the BBA’s 2021 Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship Program

Thanks to funding from the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund for Diversity & Inclusion, the BBF Charles P. Normandin Fund and generous firm sponsors Foley Hoag Foundation, Nutter, and Pierce Atwood, the BBA Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Summer Fellowship program has doubled in size, from three positions to six. Students will be placed in fully paid summer fellowships at the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General, the United States Bankruptcy Court, the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination, the Committee for Public Counsel Services, the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General, and the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office. 

Each Fellow will receive a $5,000 stipend for the summer and will also gain practical experience in developing legal research and writing skills, expanding professional networks, and access to programming at the BBA. In addition, the fellows are paired with a mentor from the BBA’s Diversity Equity & Inclusion Section.

This year’s summer Fellows are:

Travis Salters, a second-year student from Boston College Law School, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office
Jessie Baek, a second-year student from Boston College Law School, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination
Catherine Garcia Summa, a second-year at the University of Massachusetts School of Law – Dartmouth, who will be interning at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General
Kajahna Matos, a second-year student at the University of Massachusetts School of Law – Dartmouth, who will be interning at the Committee for Public Counsel Services
Dhariya Bhatia, a second-year student from Boston College Law School, who will be interning at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts
Alfred Spencer, a second-year student from Suffolk University Law School, who will be interning at the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office.

Travis Salters, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General (AGO)

After attending Penn State University, Travis was motivated to join Teach For America as a high school literature teacher in Atlanta. After teaching for three years, Travis founded a non-profit organization in Atlanta called Next Generation Men and Women, an organization dedicated to providing students with exposure to career pathways, professionals, and personalized support. At BC Law, Travis participates in the BC Negotiation Competition, and contributes to the BC Impact Blog where he shares his perspective on law school for current and future students. In his application, Travis shared “My commitment to underserved communities will always be a top priority. I know that this fellowship will be a significant part of my journey to becoming a practicing attorney in Boston. It will expose me to the legal system to gain a better understanding of how to positively impact systems for the underserved communities. Whether I am a high school literature teacher, a non-profit leader, or an attorney, I will continue to value diversity and assume the responsibility of representing beyond myself.”

Jessie Baek, Boston College Law School
Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD)

Jessie has always gravitated towards community-based projects that supported urban youth and their development. Her previous experience includes being a mentor with the Asian American Tutorial Project, a tutor with the Neighborhood Partnership Program, and a representative of her undergraduate college’s Office of Admission to recruit diverse students in Los Angeles to higher education. Prior to law school, Jessie worked as a teacher’s assistant for the Title I department of a public school. From her application, Jessie notes, “What excites me to work with MCAD is the opportunity to be a part of a group of attorneys and policymakers who resolve discriminatory complaints and expand my interest in creating inclusive spaces to outside of the classroom.”

Catherine Garcia Summa, UMass Law – Dartmouth
Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General (OIG)

Prior to enrolling in UMass Law, Catherine developed impressive leadership skills as a former Military Police Officer and a Captain in the U.S. Army Reserve. Motivated by her life experiences, Catherine hopes to bring her unique perspective to her fellowship, and is looking forward to continuing on her path of public service. From her application, Catherine notes, “As an intern with the Office of the Inspector General, I hope to learn more about the detection of fraud, waste, and abuse and how it affects members of the military as well as the general public I intend to serve as a lawyer.”

Kajahna Matos, UMass Law – Dartmouth
Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS)

Prior to law school, Kajahna received her degree in Political Science with a concentration in Law and American Government. Kajahna is joining CPCS this summer, after several prior internships in the public sector that have been focused on assisting low-income minorities. Though these internships, Kajahna has been able to advance her Spanish speaking skills to effectively communicate with future clients. At UMass Law, she is a member of the Criminal Law Society and a member of the Legal Association of Women. In her application, she notes “I want to provide representation to those who are most at-risk of facing legal obstacles and are not prepared to successfully navigate the law and advocate for themselves.”

Dhairya Bhatia, Boston College Law School
United States Bankruptcy Court

Prior to attending Rutgers University, Dhairya began working as an administrative assistant with Legal Services of New Jersey’s Foreclosure Defense Project, conducting intake for clients facing residential and property tax foreclosure.  The work galvanized his desire to become a public interest lawyer. At BC Law, he serves as chair of the Diversity, Equity & Inclusion Working group which focuses on programming to uplift and center marginalized voices. In his application, he notes how powerful bankruptcy can be for low-income people. Dhariya will be working in Chief Judge Christopher Panos’s chambers for the summer.

Alfred Spencer, Suffolk University School of Law
Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office

As a 2L at Suffolk, with an interest in criminal and public interest law, Alfred hopes to build on his experience working at the AGO’s Contributory Retirement Appeals Board doing legal research and writing. From his application, Alfred notes, “If there is one thing that I would like to accomplish as a lawyer, that is to make sure the law applies to and protects all Americans equally, regardless of skin color, sexuality, affiliation, creed, or ethnicity.” Prior to law school, Alfred worked at a law firm in Belgium. He also contributes to the Suffolk University Law School Journal of Health and Biomedical Law (JHBL).

Funding for the position with the Suffolk County District Attorney’s Office and the Massachusetts Office of the Attorney General has been provided by the Boston Bar Foundation (BBF) Beacon Fund. The position at the Massachusetts Office of the Inspector General has been sponsored by the Foley Hoag Foundation. The position at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Massachusetts is made possible by the Charles P. Normandin Fund, the position at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) is made possible through the law firm Pierce Atwood, and the position at the Committee for Public Counsel Services (CPCS) is sponsored by the law firm Nutter. For more information about how to support the BBF, please contact Erica Southerland at esoutherland@bostonbar.org.

In a Job Search, Should You Follow Your Interests or Trends in the Marketplace? The Answer is Both!

By: Stephen Seckler, President, Seckler Legal Recruiting and Coaching

Years ago, I used to give presentations at law schools on the state of the job market. It is always a subject that interests law students and I didn’t mind weighing in. But after giving a number of these talks, I began to question their utility. Ultimately, I reached the conclusion that focusing on your interests is a much better place to start when looking for a job. Trying to predict what will be hot in the future is difficult at best and it is very hard to distil the entire hiring landscape down into anything useful.

In some ways, it can also be dispiriting to hear about trends in the market. For example, if you know that the demand is high for corporate lawyers with two to five years of large firm M&A and securities experience, it is not going to help you if you don’t have the qualifications to get that job. If you know that bankruptcy litigation is a hot area of practice, how does that help you if you have no interest in litigation or bankruptcy?

On the other hand, if you do have the interest, it does make sense to pursue practice areas that are active. At the very least, if you have curiosity about an area where there seems to be hiring, then go explore. In other words, having a sense of the market can help.

So What are the “Hot” Areas of Practice?

If you are interested in data privacy, there is a lot going on in that space. If you have a general interest in corporate transactional law, it seems reasonable to predict that this will be a busy area of practice over the next 12 months (although as we saw in 2008/2009, that can change quickly). If employment law, trusts and estates or family law interest you, those areas seem to be doing well. In Massachusetts, the life sciences industry is very hot (lots of opportunity for IP lawyers, corporate lawyers and other practices that support the industry).

On the other hand, if you are interested in litigation, be aware that this area of practice is generally down because of court closures (but that may change too as COVID related litigation begins to explode.) Bankruptcy has not yet peaked, but it seems likely that this area will continue to be busy by the second half of the year. Similarly, commercial real estate seems to be a less busy practice area with demand for commercial office space in the city on the decline. The pandemic and changes in the way businesses will structure their work from home policies is making it challenging to predict when commercial real estate will be back. Residential real estate, on the other hand, is booming.

If this all sounds a little wishy washy or not that practical, then we are on the same page. As I said at the outset, it is very hard to predict hiring trends into the future. I believe it is a lot more productive to start exploring where your interests take you.

What if You Aren’t Sure What You Want to Do?

The truth is, until you get some work experience, you won’t really know what it is like to practice in a given area. If you’ve done a summer clerkship, participated in a clinic in law school, or worked as a paralegal prior to law school, you may have some sense of this already. If you haven’t, then start doing informational interviews with lawyers in different practice areas and come up with some educated guesses about where you might be happy. Once you have some clues, then pursue those opportunities.

Doing What You Like Will Advance Your Career More Quickly

If you like what you are doing, you are more likely to put time and energy into doing a good job and getting the training and experience that will help you advance to the next stage of your career. If you chase jobs just because you think you can get hired, you may be less motivated to make that investment.

At the same time, don’t ignore the realities of the marketplace. If you love sports and you are vying for the one available job in Boston where you’ll get to represent professional athletes, make sure to have a Plan B. You may be the lucky one. But you are more likely to be employed after graduation if you also match your interests with market realities.

Careers are really a lot less linear that they may appear. Most of us end up experimenting along the way until we find what we like. For a good podcast on the subject, listen to my interview with Jose Sierra who suggests that careers are more like whitewater rafting than a canoe ride. I also invite you to visit my website for many more career resources. Feel free to reach out to me for in informal career consult. I always enjoy hearing from law student and attorneys who are starting out. See www.counseltocounsel.com.